Posts in "Computers"

Best Mechanical Keyboards of 2018

Keyboards are essential part of our computers, we’ll be going over the distinctive sorts of mechanical switches, what sorts of switches you can use for, what kinds of Keyboards are available and more about Keyboards. The objective is to illuminate you about each type of the best mechanical keyboards so you can make an educated buy.

Try not to fuss, however!We’ll have a rundown of prescribed keyboards for each category that one might want. From spending plan to gaming, media and that’s only the tip of the iceberg.
Running from a wide range of gadgets, there are a substantial number of console varieties. Early cell phones even had keyboards on them, really. PCs regularly have chiclet-style keyboards —however, a few, exceptionally costly models offer mechanical keyboards. With regards to work areas, however, there are two measures in the field of mechanical keyboards: full-size, and TKL.

RGB lighting mechanical keyboard

Most of the mechanical Keyboards accompany some type of backdrop illumination for the keys; more premium Keyboards will offer what is called RGB Lighting. This means the Keyboards LEDs are fit for delivering 255 shades of Red, 255 shades of Green, and 255 shades of Blue. Altogether, each key can create more than 16 million hues. Some RGB keyboards will offer lighting zones, (this implies just certain arrangements of keys can be changed). However, most will offer per-key lighting, enabling you to change the shade of every individual key on your keyboard.
The keyboard will enable you to program the lighting on your Keyboard just using capacity keys + certain key blends, and the profile will be put away in the installed memory of the keyboard itself.
One drawback to RGB is that RGB lighting can’t create unadulterated white, not at all like conventional white LEDs. This implies in the event that you set your keys to white, it will generally resemble an off-shade of blue. Besides, RGB lighting will for the most part increment the cost of the keyboard by a critical edge. But still is considered one of the best mechanical keyboards in 2018.

Best Overall:

Corsair Gaming K95 RGB PLATINUM

The Corsair Gaming K95 RGB PLATINUM is to the exclusion of everything else, the best full-measure gaming mechanical keyboard you can presently buy. It includes a standard design, strong form quality, Macro/Media keys, RGB lighting, and that’s just the beginning.
The only problem is that it is extremely expensive. The Macro keys are consummately put with simply the appropriate add up to be used without expanding the span of the Keyboard or being hard to reach. It comes in both Cherry MX Brown and Speed variations, to guarantee that most people will be agreeable while composing on it. RGB Lighting Macro / Media keys, Robust build quality, Comfortable, double-sided wrist rest, Cherry MX Brown / Speed variants, Textured keycaps for better grip and USB pass-through on the rear of the keyboard are the pros of this incredibly expensive keyboard.

Ducky One TKL RGB

The Ducky One TKL RGB is a conservative, amazing little keyboard that highlights a spotless plan, standard design, (sans numpad) and RGB lighting. It additionally has an exceptionally vigorous Macro framework. That permits both keys to be customized, and also the greater part of its lighting impacts, all without independent programming. The keyboard likewise arrives in a Cherry MX Blue variation; however, you will lose the RGB lighting.

Ducky, while a moderately obscure organization to the majority, is very much regarded in the mechanical Keyboard scene. TKL mechanical keyboard offers superb items with noteworthy form quality and are trusted by numerous.
Robust build quality, Advanced Macro and Media controls, Standard keyboard layout and RGB Lighting are the pros of this pricey keyboard.

Rosewill RK-9000v2

It offers a certifiable Cherry MX involvement with a sticker price under $90. The keyboard comes in Cherry MX Blue, Brown and Red variations. Blue and Brown variations additionally offer a discretionary blue backdrop illumination for some additional. The Cherry MX Red variation is the most costly, coming in at $90. While you can buy the Blue and Brown variations for as meager as $75.
Affordable, Cherry MX Blue, Brown and Red variants and Standard keyboard layout are the pros of this keyboard.

macOS High Sierra Hackintosh on Intel Core i7 8700K

New Year, New computer

macOS High Sierra on Intel Core i7 8700K

I decided to upgrade my 4th generation Intel core i7 4790K devil’s canyon to an 8th Generation Intel Core i7 8700K for macOS High Sierra Hackintosh. I’ve been using that 4th generation processor for almost 3 years and I wasn’t disappointed with my choice 3 years ago. Intel Core i7 4790K have 4.0 GHz base clock and 4.4 GHz boost Clock, It can be overclocked to 4.8Ghz. It was sufficient for my gaming needs before I started making videos and rendering scenes. 4 cores are somehow outdated if you’re a pro user and want to do multitasking like video editing, 3D modeling, rendering, animation and simulation for engineering projects. I was able to build a Hackintosh out of that 4th generation build with ease and I was using this for all of my video editing tasks. Intel HD 4600 and Nvidia Gtx 970 were more than enough for me while editing videos in 1080P and 4K occasionally.

This year I decided to upgrade to the latest core i7 8700K has more cores than previous generation processor. Also, It can be overclocked to 5.0 Ghz. Intel Core i7 8700K has Intel UHD graphics 630 which is much better in terms of performance. I also have the Ryzen processor but it is not feasible to make a Hackintosh out of it due to unavailability of Intel graphics.

macOS High Sierra Installation on PC using Unibeast, multibeast and Clover Configurator

macOS High Sierra installation was simple on this newly assembled computer. I’ve added complete macOS High Sierra Hackintosh system specification below. All you have to do is to follow the steps and you can create a Hackintosh without any hassle. The only issue is that I wasn’t able to get Msi Lightning 1080Ti working on this build. I’ll update as soon as I find any way to fix it.


Intel Core i7 8700K ASUS Prime Z370P MSI LIGHTNING X 1080Ti 11GB Corsair Vengeance RGB 16GB Samsung SSD 850 EVO  Transend SSD 370 256GB Seagate Barracuda 2TB Seagate 1TBBENQ RL2755


1. Register at tonymacx86! If you don’t have a user account, create one!
2. Get latest UniBeast and MultiBeast tools from the downloads section.
3. Purchase a 16GB or larger USB drive.
4. Do a full backup of your system. Use a separate HDD or SSD for installation.

UniBeast is a tool that creates a bootable installer out of your downloaded version of macOS.

Note In order to start fresh, you’ll need access to a functional computer running macOS. This is a requirement, as you need access to the Mac App Store to download macOS and create the installation drive.

STEP 1: Download macOS High Sierra

The full operating system is a free download for anyone. Download the Application from the Mac App Store using your Apple ID on any Mac.

1. Open Mac App Store
2. Log in with your Apple ID
3. Download macOS High Sierra

Note The Application Install macOS High Sierra will appear in /Applications.

STEP 2: Create a Bootable USB Drive with UniBeast

1. Insert the USB drive
2. Open /Applications/Utilities/Disk Utility
3. Highlight the USB drive in left column
4. Click Erase button
5. For Name: type USB (You can rename it later)
6. For Format: choose OS X Extended (Journaled)
7. For Scheme: choose GUID Partition Map
8. Click Erase then Done
9. Download and run UniBeast
10. Click Continue, Continue, Continue, Continue, Agree
11. At Destination Select, choose USB and click Continue
12. At Select OS Installation screen choose Sierra and click Continue
13. At Bootloader Options screen choose UEFI Boot Mode or Legacy Boot Mode. UEFI Boot Mode is recommended for 7/8/9/100 Series CustoMac desktops and all UEFI capable systems. Legacy Boot Mode is recommended for 5/6 Series CustoMac desktops and all BIOS based systems.
14. (Optional) At Graphics Configuration screen choose the appropriate graphics option for your system and click Continue.
15. Verify installation options, then click Continue, enter a password and click Install

UniBeast will now create the bootable USB drive. The process will only take about 10 minutes, depending on system and drive speed. Do not unplug or stop during this time.

Mount the EFI partition using Clover Configurator

Now open clover configurator and mount the EFI partition.
Go to Kext Copy apfs.efi to “Other” Kext folder.

Also copy apfs.efi to drivers folder.

Open Config file with clover and follow the on-screen options.
In Boot tab, Make sure dart=0 and Nv_disable=1 is selected.
In devices, Under USB
Select Inject, Add clock ID and Fix Ownership.

From GUI, Select your screen resolutions.

In RT Variable tab, Change CsrActiveConfig value to 0x67.

In SM Bios, Select the configuration that matches with your processor.

Save the config file.

16. Now copy all utilities in the macOS Bootable USB.

Clover Note  UniBeast delivers basic bootloader support based on our testing on recommended CustoMac systems. For further bootloader customization, download and run the official Clover package. Advanced users may also compile Clover by downloading the full source.

STEP 3: Recommended BIOS Settings

Note If you’re installing on a recommended CustoMac desktop with AMI UEFI BIOS, the options are simple. For other systems make sure to set your BIOS to Optimized Defaults, and your hard drive to AHCI mode. Here are standard MSI AMI UEFI BIOS.

To access BIOS/UEFI Setup, press and hold Delete on a USB Keyboard while the system is booting up
Load Optimized Defaults
Disable VT-d
then Disable CFG-Lock
and Disable Secure Boot Mode
Save and exit.

STEP 4: Install mac OS Sierra

You’re almost done! All you need to do is boot from the USB drive and install!

For best results, insert the USB in a USB 2.0 port.

1. Turn on the computer
2. Press the hotkey to choose boot device (F11)
3. Choose USB
4. At Clover boot screen, choose Boot Mac OS from USB
5. When you arrive at the Installer, choose language.

If you have issues reaching the installer, first make sure you’re using a USB 2.0 port. If you’re using a NVIDIA graphics card you may need to enter the extra boot flag nv_disable=1 to reach the installer. For instructions on entering boot flags see Clover Basics and Switching Advice.

6. For a new installation of macOS High Sierra, you MUST erase and format the destination drive according to the following steps before continuing.

a. In the top menu bar choose Utilities and open Disk Utility
b. Highlight your target drive for the macOS High Sierra installation in left column.
c. Click Erase button
d. For Name: type macOS High Sierra (You can rename it later)
e. For Format: choose macOS Extended (Journaled)
f. For Scheme: choose GUID Partition Map
g. Click Erase
h. Close Disk Utility

7. When the installer asks you where to install, choose macOS High Sierra, or your existing install.
8. The system will restart several times during installation.

STEP 5: Post Installation with MultiBeast

MultiBeast is an all-in-one post-installation tool designed to enable boot from hard drive, and install support for Audio, Network, and Graphics. The installation is complete, but the drive isn’t bootable yet. Boot from the USB again, this time choosing macOS High Sierra.

1. Turn on the computer
2. Press the hotkey to choose boot device
3. Choose USB
4. At the Boot Screen, choose your new macOS High Sierra installation.
5. Complete macOS High Sierra setup
6. Open and run MultiBeast. If your system requires installing Clover to the root of the drive, such as Gigabyte 6 Series and X58 systems, skip to STEP 6.
7. If this is a fresh installation, click Quick Start. UEFI Boot Mode is recommended for 7/8/9+ Series CustoMac desktops and all UEFI capable systems. Legacy Boot Mode is recommended for 5/6 Series CustoMac desktops and all BIOS based systems.
8. Choose the appropriate audio and network options for your system: (Check FAQS)
9. Click Customize for further options
10. Click Print or Save to back up your configuration
11. Click Build then Install

If using a NVIDIA ‘Maxwell’ GeForce GTX 750, 750 Ti, 950, 960, 970, 980, 980 Ti, or TITAN X graphics card, mac OS graphics drivers are not natively supported. Alternate NVIDIA drivers are required.

12. (Optional) Download and install Alternate NVIDIA Graphics Drivers
13. Reboot

Open clover configurator from flash drive and mount the EFI Partitions.
Now copy everything from EFI partition of flash drive to EFI partition of macOS installation SSD.

*Also download Nvidia Kext and copy all to other Kext folders.


You can check your audio and Ethernet controller from the detailed specification of your Motherboard.
Google it or visit official product website. For Example


Install and Enable Nvidia Web Driver in Hackintosh


Enable HDMI Audio in Hackintosh



You now have a fully updated bootable version of mac OS High Sierra on your CustoMac! And a USB rescue drive if something goes wrong.


Intel core i7 4790K still best buy for 1080P Gaming

 Author’s Opinion :

Here is my opinion on this in form of a short story. I got my hands on this beast Intel Core i7 4790K in 2015 when I switched to this from my old Intel Core i3 4130. At first, I ran this on the bundled stock cooler. I was shocked to see the temperature touching 100C at full load so I turned off the Virtualization and Turbo Boost from the Bios, afraid of burning the processor. Next month I bought an MSI Z97S Krait SLI motherboard and Corsair H80i GT Liquid cooler than I was able to run it at full potential. I was able to overclock mine to 4.7Ghz without playing with Voltages. Bundled it with Gigabyte GTX 970 and I tried almost every game at ULTRA settings till 2017.

I wasn’t able to run games at max settings due to the lower VRAM of the GTX 970 (Only 4GB). With the launch of latest Intel Core i7 8700K, 6 core processor, I finally made up my mind to trade this chip for the next generation as I also upgraded my graphics card to GTX 1080Ti. I was trying to get everything maxed out at 4K. Otherwise, Intel Core i7 4790K was still able to handle everything.

Intel Core i7 4790K vs Intel Core i7 7700K

Intel Core i7 4790K aka Devil’s Canyon is the most powerful processor of the 4th generation, We’re talking about i7s here. It has 4 cores and 8 threads. It was released in Q2’14. The processor has a base frequency of 4.00Ghz and max turbo boost frequency of 4.40Ghz, this processor features a smart cache of 8MB. Core i7-4790K, codenamed ‘Devil’s Canyon’, has both faster base and boost clock speeds than its predecessor, the Intel Core i7-4770K, compared to 3.5GHz and 3.9GHz. The i7-4790K can operate at these higher clock speeds thanks to extra capacitors that help deliver power to the die and a new thermal interface material to improve cooling.

Otherwise, there is little difference between the chips. Intel Core i7 7700K also have the same core count and cache but it has a higher base and boost clock speed. Intel Core i7 4790K has a TDP of 88W while 7700K have TDP of 91W. Bus speed of 7700K is higher than core i7 4790K. Intel Core i7 7700K supports Intel’s Optane memory.

If you’re not concerned about integrated graphics than there is not a huge difference in both processors. The Core i7-4790K is based on a 22nm process and has four CPU cores, as well as an integrated Intel HD Graphics 4600 graphics processor while the Core i7 7700K has Intel HD 630 graphics processor. Newer Intel core i7 processors also have intel optane memory support.

A powerful processor and the Core i7 to buy, but it requires real effort to overclock it.

Intel Core i7 4790K vs Intel Core i7 8700K

There is no competition between the devil’s canyon and Intel’s 8th generation beast core i7 8700K. Due to increase core count, Intel Core i7 8700K is far ahead in the benchmarks and multithreaded performance. But we can compare the gaming performance of both chips by coupling them with the same high-end graphics card. As seen in different games there is not a huge difference in frames using both processors when coupled with Nvidia GTX 1080Ti.

No doubt the fastest Intel Core i7 to date, Beast for Gaming and Content Creation due to higher core count as comparred to previous Core i7s.

Clock Speed:

This quad-core processor features a 4.0GHz base clock with turbo boost of 4.4Ghz.

Additional CPU features:

The Core i7-4790K carries two professional features that the Core i7-4770K lacked. It provides support for Intel’s Transactional Synchronization Extensions (TSX) and I/O virtualization (VT-d). VT-d allows a virtual machine to assign specific I/O devices to a particular virtual machine. Both of these are specialized features, particularly TSX, which offers programmers the ability to design multithreading applications that scale more effectively than current software—if the CPU supports TSX already.

Overclocking Potential:

According to user benchmarks, Average overclock of Core i7 4790K on liquid cooling is around 5Ghz. Most of the processors are able to achieve 4.7Ghz stable without changing the input voltages. I was able to overclock mine to 4.7Ghz using Corsair H80iGT liquid cooler.


I tested the Core i7 4790K using MSI Z97S Krait SLI edition motherboard with 16GB DDR3 Corsair Vengeance memory, used a Transcend 250GB SSD for storage. MSI overclock utility is used for overclocking. I’m naive regarding the overclocking scenario of processors. So, at first, I only used basic settings and simply overclocked my processor to just 4.6Ghz to be on safe side. At next step I overclocked it to 4.8Ghz and ran the benchmark using MSI Overclock Utility, that was stable but when I ran Benchmark using CPUZ the system rebooted. After this, I lowered the clock speed to 4.7Ghz and repeated the same benchmark and stress tests. It was stable at 4.7Ghz and I also ran Cinebench and Geekbench at this clock speed. There was around 100 point difference between stock and overclock frequency.

Gaming Benchmarks

The Core i7-4790K failed our 1,920×1,080 Dirt Showdown benchmark and produced an average frame rate of 31.2fps in Dirt Showdown at a resolution of 1,280×720, with graphics detail set to High and 4x anti-aliasing. You may be able to play some older 3D games if you’re willing to compromise on graphics quality and resolution. But the Intel HD Graphics 4600 GPU is better suited to watching videos, browsing the web and running productivity applications than serious gaming.

Bundled with Budget GPU

  • Intel Core i7 4790K 4.4 Ghz
  • Corsair Vengeance 16GB DDR3 1866Mhz
  • Gigabyte GTX 970 4GB

Bundled with Most powerful GPU

  • Intel Core i7 4790K 4.4 Ghz
  • Corsair Vengeance 16GB DDR3 1866Mhz
  • MSI Lightning X 1080Ti 11GB

I’ve tested several games, here are the FPS using both Graphic Cards.

It was able to run all games at max settings with 1080Ti. Although it struggled with 970 while playing PUBG and Rise of the tomb Raider.

CPU Benchmarks


  • 879 Points

Cinebench Open GL (3D)

  • 104.35 Points

Unigene Heaven

  • FPS 173.6
  • Score 4374

Unigene Valley

  • FPS 118.4
  • Score 4955


We’re not comparing all aspects of this processor with the other processors, Newer processors are meant to be fast as compared to this 4 year old chip. But if you’re tight on budget you can pick this up for your next build as other components like DDR3 rams are also cheap. Moreover, you can also couple this with some cheap liquid cooler. There is not a huge difference in FPS if you’re using a discrete GPU with this processor. You can run almost every game with Ultra settings if your GPU is powerful enough.